Hip replacement surgery involves the replacement of portion of the pelvis and femur (thighbone) that form your hip joint. Hip replacement is also known as hip arthroplasty in which the vast majority of hip replacement surgeries are performed to relieve hip pain and stiffness caused due to hip arthritis. The treatment is also used to treat injuries like a broken or improperly growing hip and for other conditions.
Is hip replacement really needed?
People suffering from these arthritis symptoms get benefit from hip replacement:-
- Acute pain that hinders the day to day activities, work and sleep and which is not relieved by anti-inflammatory medications.
- Stiffness which disrupts motion and along with acute pain makes it difficult to walk.
Healthy hip vs. Arthritic hip –
Hip is in a ball shaped and socket joint. The ball, at the top of your femur (thighbone) is called the femoral head. The socket, known as the acetabulum, is a part of your pelvis. The ball moves in the socket and allows the leg to rotate and move forward, backward and sideways.
In case of a healthy hip, soft tissue known as cartilage covers the ball and the socket and they help them in gliding together smoothly. If the cartilage wears down or gets damaged then the bones scrape together and become rough. This condition is known as osteoarthritis, which causes pain and restricts motion. It is very painful to walk with and arthritic hip and even you may find it difficult to get in or out of a chair. If you are suffering from hip arthritis then you may not need a surgery. Physical therapy or anti-inflammatory medications may provide relief. Even if there is no relief then you should consult an orthopedic surgeon.
Various types of Hip Replacement surgery –
Total hip replacement surgery is one of the common type of hip replacement surgery. In total hip replacement in india, the worn-out or damages section of the hip are replaced with artificial implants. The socket is replaced with a durable plastic cup which may or may not include a metal titanium shell. The femoral head will be removed and will be replaced with a ball made from ceramic or a metal alloy. The new ball is attached to a metal stem which is inserted into the top of your femur.
There are two other types of hip replacement surgeries which are recommended for patients of specific age groups and activity levels.
- Partial hip replacement is the replacement of only one side of the hip joint – the femoral head – instead of both the sides as in total hip replacement. This procedure is commonly found in older patients who get fracture in their hip.
- In younger and active patients, hip resurfacing of the femoral head and socket is commonly done.
How does hip replacement surgery work?
There are two most common surgical approaches are the posterior approach and anterior approach. While starting with the operation, the hip replacement surgeon will make incisions on either the back (posterior)) or front (anterior) of the hip. Both the operation gives relief to pain and improves walking and movement within weeks of surgery.