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How to sensitize your kid about HIV and AIDS

Talking about sex with children is an uncomfortable topic for many parents to deal with. When the kid’s strike the right age, parents should overcome their discomfort zone to share with them about sexuality and what consequences can lead to HIV and AIDS before it tolls your kid’s health. Depending upon your bonding with the children, parents can use any of the mentioned ways like: giving printed copies, asking your kid for a suitable time to sit down to share your thoughts or you can provide other materials to make your child, understand the facts. 

Some parents throw hints to the children to check what is running around them before discussing about HIV or check with your kid whether they are already aware of HIV. Depending on this, you can plan the areas you need to focus while discussing.

Here, we will discuss on how to sensitize your kid about HIV and AIDS. Just keep reading the article to gather more information!

Ways to talk to children of different age groups about HIV and AIDS:

Each kid shoots the questions based on their age and their level of understanding. So, parents should lock the answers with the correct information allowing them to go with healthy choices.

1. Toddlers/Pre-schoolers (2-4 years):

For toddlers and pre-schoolers, this’s not the right time to talk about sex-related topics. You can start teaching them about the names of body parts. This is the period to build a strong bonding with your kid to make them understand that you are free to discuss any questions at any time. This way you can create an open platform for future discussion. However, a little awareness about their private parts can be given at this age too. 

2. School-age children (young children between 5-8 years):

Children will start to learn about diseases, sickness, death and sex. They will be already aware of HIV and AIDS. So, you needn’t go in detail on each topic. Just make them understand that it is caused by a virus and is transmitted from the infected individual through bodily fluids which shouldn’t be shared. Also, make them aware that, they don’t develop HIV or AIDS just by talking, playing, eating, sharing or studying with their friends.

3. Pre-teens (9-12 years):

Your child will be entering into puberty phase. He/she must know and understand about the body parts. During this period, your daughter/son will go through different peer pressures and also they will be interested to attempt new things which may put them under the dangerous situation. 

This is the right time to share complete knowledge about sex. Teach them about sex consequences including HIV, pregnancy and other STDs. Speak to your child on how it spreads from the infected person and the ways to prevent the transmission. Let them know that sharing syringe, needles, body piercing or tattoos can put them under the HIV radar. Also, talk to them about the importance of sexual life and safer sex. 

4. Teens (13-19 years):

During this period, your son/daughter wishes to be more independent. They make their own choices and give more value to their self-image.  You can provide books, videos etc. to gain more knowledge and view on their own.   

How to take care of yourself:

Before you speak with your kid, try to read and educate yourself. Make this opportunity a comfortable and supportive one for your child. Provide them with good support and set a perfect stage to discuss everything openly. Raise awareness among others. If you are unable to share information to your kid, consult doctor online to seek advice.

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lakshmi krishnanunni

Lakshmi Krishnanunni: She holds M.Sc., M.Phil in Biochemistry and has strong proficiency in the areas of Immunology, Biomolecules, Cell biology, and Molecular biology to name a few. She has more than 10 years of Research experience in the field of medicinal plants research and Nanotechnology. Her expertise in research has greatly assisted in writing medical, health and research articles. As a writer, she aims to provide research-based information to the readers in more detail.

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